What are Infections?

The human eye can get infections from bacteria, fungi, or viruses. They can occur in different parts of the eye and can also affect just one eye or both.

Types of Infections


Also known as pink eye, very contagious.

Bacterial Infection

Clear, watery discharge along with mild redness. Itching, sometimes severe, will occur.


Inflammation of the eyelid that affects the eyelashes or tear production.


An infection of the skin and tissues around the eye. Causes pain, swelling and protrusion of the eyeball.


When the eye is damaged by a foregin object, or from bacteria or fungi. Leads to painful inflammation and corneal scarring. In some cases it can cause blindness.


A painful viral infection that can cause swelling of the eyelid.

Lacrimal Infections

An infection of the tear sacs in the lower corner of the eye. Causes pain, redness and discomfort.

Molluscum Contagiosum

Typically results in eyelid nodules, but can also affect the conjunctiva through a hypersensitivity reaction leading to a chronic follicular conjunctivitis. Other ocular manifestations include corneal changes such as, superior micropannus and fine epithelial keratitis.


An infection of the fat and muscles around the eye. It affects the eyelids, eyebrows and cheeks.

Orbital Abscess

Collections of pus within the orbital soft tissue.

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